This lesson is the last lesson (for now) on the demonstratives. Those again are:
este / esta – this
estos / estas – these
ese / esa – that
esos / esas– those
aquel / aquella – that (far)
aquellos / aquellas – those (far)
Now, since these all deal with gender… which would you use when you didn’t know the object (much less the gender) of something that you’re talking about? For that reason we have neutral demonstratives which take the place of the general ‘this’ or ‘that’.
Let me know if you have any questions/comments/suggestions about this video lesson!
esto – this (thing?)
eso – that (thing?)
aquello – that [far] (thing?)
¿Qué es esto? – What is this?
¿Qué es eso? – What is that?
¿Qué es aquello? – What is that (far)?
una guitarra – a guitar
¡Eso es horrible! – That is horrible!
¡Esto es genial! – This is great!
¿Por qué estás haciendo esto? – Why are you doing this?
¡Eso es! – That’s it (that’s the one!)*
*This is different than saying “that’s it!” when upset. That would be ‘¡Eso es el colmo!’ = “That is the last straw!”